Infrastructure Development Code

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The berm is the width of land located between the edge of the carriageway and the property boundary.
Berm features include: 

  1. DS-4.8.1 Vehicle Crossings and Entrances.
  2. DS-4.8.2 Footpaths.
  3. DS-4.8.3 Cycle Paths.
  4. DS-4.8.4 Pedestrian Accessways.

DS-4.8.1   Vehicle Crossings and Entrances

Drawing Ref: T124, T125, T126, T431, T432, T433, T434

The following shall apply:

  1. Urban
    1. A vehicle crossing shall be provided between the kerb and the boundary for all lots, private ways and service lanes.
    2. The vehicle crossing shall be located at the entrance to all entrance strips to rear lots where the location of this is known.
    3. Vehicle crossings shall be designed to ensure the safety of pedestrians and all road users. Designs shall ensure that no damage occurs to vehicles, the carriageway, the vehicle crossing/footpath or the driveway/privateway. 

Designs shall be submitted to Council for approval and include:

  1. The proposed location and dimensions of the vehicle crossing.
  2. The location of all existing infrastructure services.
  3. The location of known future infrastructure services. 
  4. Tree locations and other above ground sight obstructions.
  5. Vertical profiles from the centreline of the road to the boundary where the carriageway crossfall "rolls over" i.e. is not at a consistent grade, and/or is greater than 3%. 
  6. Vertical profiles from the centreline of the road to the parking platform where the parking platform is accessed at a grade above 1 in 4 from the boundary (upslope or downslope) or where the existing profile is such that the requirements of Council's Standard Drawings can not be met. 
  7. Horizontal profiles for a 90% Car shall be provided for all vehicle crossings constructed on a Collector Road and any road of higher hierarchy. The design shall be to ensure that vehicles exiting the property can do so "front first". Reversing from properties onto these roads is not permitted for safety reasons.  
    1. Vehicle crossings shall be constructed as per the Standard Drawings and comply with standard sight distance requirements contained in the Austroad Guides.
    2. Any existing vehicle crossings located on unformed roads shall be constructed at the existing location and grades in accordance with Council’s standard specification when the road is formed unless specific agreement for relocating those vehicle entrances has been negotiated between the developer and the existing landowner.
    3. An alternative crossing construction using stamped, coloured or stencilled concrete, asphalt or interlocking concrete block may be used between the footpath and boundary.
    4. Vehicle crossings provided in areas where there is no kerb and channel shall conform with the Standard Drawing for rural entrances.
  8. Rural
    1. Vehicle crossings provided on rural areas shall be constructed as per the Standard Drawings.
    2. Any further design requirements shall be as detailed in the latest operative revision of the Western Bay of Plenty District Council’s Development Code of Practice upon agreement with Tauranga City Council.

DS-4.8.2   Footpaths

The following shall apply:

  1. Where the carriageway is less than 9m wide a footpath shall be required on one side of the carriageway only.
  2. Where the carriageway is more than 9m wide a footpath shall be required on both sides of the carriageway.
  3. The footpath shall be located as shown on the Standard Drawings.
  4. Additional width may be required where angle parking adjacent to the footpath is anticipated.
  5. Footpaths shall be clear of all obstructions, i.e., streetlights, street and traffic signs. Extra widening may be required at the request of Council.
  6. A footpath shall generally be concrete, 1.5m wide with a minimum 28-day strength of 17.5MPa and with a minimum thickness of 100mm on a compacted subgrade.
  7. Unless otherwise approved, footpath concrete tolerance shall be:
    1. No less than the specified depth / thickness and width.
    2. No greater than 20mm more than the specified depth. 
    3. No greater than 50mm more than the specified width.
  8. Footpaths shall have a cross-fall of 2% falling toward the kerb. The tolerance for this shall be +/- 0.5%
    1. Footpaths shall be constructed as a continuous concrete pathway across private driveways and formed vehicle crossings with a depth of 125mm in residential areas.
  9. Alternative surfacing materials may be used for footpaths only where approved by Council. This may include concrete pavers and asphaltic concrete to a minimum thickness of 25mm. Any alternative surfacing material must be demonstrated to be appropriate to the surrounding environment.
  10. All areas between the kerb line and the boundary that are not paved shall have a minimum cross-fall of 2% (maximum 5%) falling towards the kerb and shall be finished with topsoil and sown with grass in accordance with:
    1. DS-2 – Streetscape.
    2. CS-23 Grassing and Turfing.

DS-4.8.2.1   Industrial and Commercial Footpaths

The following shall apply:

  1. Footpaths in industrial and commercial areas shall be constructed of concrete to 125mm thickness by Council after the building development has taken place. To facilitate this, the Consent Holder shall pay to the Council a sum of money as may be determined by Council to cover the cost of providing the concrete footpath as required.
  2. Footpaths shall be constructed as a continuous concrete pathway across private driveways and formed vehicle crossings with a depth of 150mm in industrial and commercial areas.

DS-4.8.2.2   Pathway Kerb Crossings

Drawing Ref: T440

The following shall apply:

  1. A mobility crossing (pram crossing) shall be provided at all road intersections and such other locations to provide for logical and safe movements of pedestrians.
  2. The maximum gradient of any mobility crossing shall be 1:12 in accordance with SNZ 8630:2004 to provide for access for disabled people.
  3. All mobility crossings and associated infrastructure shall comply with NZTA Road and Traffic Standards RTS 14, Guidelines for Facilities for Blind and Vision Impaired Pedestrians.

DS-4.8.2.3  Tactile Paving

Drawing Ref: CBD442

The following shall apply:

  1. Colour of paving is Yellow. Alternative colours maybe considered subject to Council approval. The colour shall be consistent throughout each adjoining paver for each installation i.e. the same exact match of colour, not a mix of colours. 
  2. Concrete Paver thickness of 60mm or alternative tactile studs may be saw cut or drilled in place.
  3. Friction coefficient shall be a minimum of 70 using the Wet Pendulum Slip Resistance Test HSE UK.
  4. The requirements of NZS 4121:2001 Design for Access and Mobility - Buildings and associated facilities, NZTA Pedestrian Planning and Design Guide and Road and Traffic Guidelines RTS 14, Guidelines for Facilities for Blind and Vision Impaired Pedestrians shall be followed where not superseded by the IDC.
  5. All installations shall carry a 2 year installation Warranty 
  6. Suppliers shall provide evidence in the form of a report on the following for each installation:
    1. Coefficient of Friction 
    2. UV Resistance & Colour Fastness
    3. Abrasion Resistance 
    4. Resistance to Hydrolysis and Microbial Attack

DS-4.8.3   Cycle Paths

Drawing Ref: T123, T440, T442

The following shall apply:

  1. Where required, off-carriageway paths for cycle use shall be provided as shared pedestrian/cyclist facilities and shall be to standards specified for footpaths. 
  2. Width requirements shall be as shown on the Standard Drawings.
  3. The shared path shall be at a maximum gradient of 12.5% and have a minimum lateral clearance of 700mm and a minimum overhead clearance of 2.5m from any fixed object (including trees). Extra widening may be required at the request of Council.
  4. Stormwater disposal, fencing, handrails and lighting shall be provided as appropriate to each specific situation.
  5. The design shall also comply with Austroads Guide to Engineering Practice Part 14 Bicycles and the New Zealand supplement current at the time of design.
  6. Alternative surfacing materials may be used for cycle paths only where approved by Council. Alternative materials may include concrete pavers and asphaltic concrete to a minimum thickness of 25mm. Any alternative surfacing material must be demonstrated to be appropriate to the surrounding environment.
  7. When planning and designing routes for cycle paths approval shall be obtained from Council before the application for Resource Consent.

DS-4.8.4   Pedestrian Accessways

Drawing Ref: T123

The following shall apply:

  1. Pedestrian accessways shall be as short as possible with a clear line of sight through their length and be generally constructed in accordance with the Standard Drawings which represents a minimum standard. Alternative specific designs for both the path and fencing are encouraged to enhance the visual amenity values of the accessways.
  2. The topography of the land and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) principles shall also be considered during design.
  3. Provision shall be made for disposal of stormwater flowing down the length of the accessway to prevent discharge across the road footpath.
  4. Pedestrian accessways shall not be steeper than 12.5%. Where the ruling gradient is steeper, steps and combinations of steps and a graded path may be necessary. 
  5. Where a significant amount of surface water will be concentrated by the footpath in a pedestrian accessway (where the length of footpath exceeds 10m), it shall be collected by a dished channel and disposed of through a 450mm x 450mm sump(s) or an approved alternative with a maximum run of 60m.

DS-4.8.5   Alternative Method – Interlocking Paving Blocks

The following shall apply:

  1. Interlocking concrete block paving will only be considered on a case by case basis only as approved by Council.
  2. The paving shall be specifically designed and laid generally in accordance with NZS 3116 for concrete segmental paving.
  3. Manufacture, testing, acceptance and supplies of concrete segmental pavers shall comply with AS/NZS 4455 and AS/NZS 4456. Paving units shall have in-built separators.
  4. Periodic additional sanding/filling of joints and attention to excessive settlement or movement may be required during the 12 month defects liability period.
  5. When using paving stones particular attention shall be given to subsoil drainage and retaining a dry subgrade.
  6. The minimum length of block paving shall be 20m. Narrow bands of block paving at thresholds or roundabout approaches are not permitted.
  7. The materials shall be consistent with adjacent roads and conform to local streetscape themes.
  8. Paving construction shall be undertaken by a Council approved paver.

Definitions in this section

Consent holder

Council

Design

Developer

Footpath

Infrastructure

Lot

NZTA

Pathway

Pedestrian accessways

Private way

Resource consent

Rural area

Road

Stormwater

Street

Streetscape

Sump